Journal Articles, Monographs & More

ILSI entities around the world publish articles on original research, literature reviews and gap analyses, as well as meeting proceedings in peer-reviewed journals. Not one of the thousands of studies ILSI has published in peer-reviewed journals over the last 40+ years has ever been retracted. ILSI also publishes books, monographs, white papers, other scientific reports, annual reports and newsletters.
ILSI's flawless scientific publication track record, its commitment to the highest scientific standards and its adherence to rigorous scientific principles demonstrate its scientific integrity.
ILSI's publications are listed below by publication date, from the newest article to the oldest. You can also filter the list by title or publication type.

 

Journal Articles

Efecto de la intervención “escuelas activas móviles” en tiempos de pandemia sobre la percepción de la autoeficacia, disfrute y el nivel de actividad física en la niñez costarricense y panameña

Este estudio tuvo como propósito examinar el efecto de la intervención de escuelas activas móviles sobre la autoeficacia hacia la actividad física, el disfrute por la actividad y la percepción del nivel de actividad física, en la niñez costarricense y panameña en tiempos de pandemia por COVID-19.

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Prebiotics

GUT MICROBIOME AND HEALTH

Together with proteins and fats, carbohydrates are one of the macronutrients in the human diet. Digestible carbohydrates, such as starch, starch-based products, sucrose, lactose, glucose and some sugar alcohols and unusual (and fairly rare) α-linked glucans, directly provide us with energy while other carbohydrates including high molecular weight polysaccharides, mainly from plant cell walls, provide us with dietary fibre. Carbohydrates which are efficiently digested in the small intestine are not available in appreciable quantities to act as substrates for gut bacteria. Some oligo- and polysaccharides, many of which are also dietary fibres, are resistant to digestion in the small intestines and enter the colon where they provide substrates for the complex bacterial ecosystem that resides there. This review will focus on these non-digestible carbohydrates (NDC) and examine their impact on the gut microbiota and their physiological impact. Of particular focus will be the potential of non-digestible carbohydrates to act as prebiotics, but the review will also evaluate direct effects of NDC on human cells and systems

Keywords Expand

Prebiotics, short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), non-digestible carbohydrates

To download this open-access article, please click here.

This work was commissioned by the Prebiotics Task Force.

[post_title] => Structure and function of non-digestible carbohydrates in the gut microbiome [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => structure-and-function-of-non-digestible-carbohydrates-in-the-gut-microbiome [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2022-07-04 09:16:24 [post_modified_gmt] => 2022-07-04 13:16:24 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://ilsi.org/?post_type=publication&p=32791 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => publication [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw ) [1] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 32758 [post_author] => 37 [post_date] => 2022-06-27 13:33:14 [post_date_gmt] => 2022-06-27 17:33:14 [post_content] => [post_title] => Efecto de la intervención "escuelas activas móviles" en tiempos de pandemia sobre la percepción de la autoeficacia, disfrute y el nivel de actividad física en la niñez costarricense y panameña [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => efecto-de-la-intervencion-escuelas-activas-moviles-en-tiempos-de-pandemia-sobre-la-percepcion-de-la-autoeficacia-disfrute-y-el-nivel-de-actividad-fisica-en-la-ninez-costarricense-y-panamena [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2022-06-27 15:59:23 [post_modified_gmt] => 2022-06-27 19:59:23 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://ilsi.org/?post_type=publication&p=32758 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => publication [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw ) [2] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 32686 [post_author] => 24 [post_date] => 2022-06-29 05:16:43 [post_date_gmt] => 2022-06-29 09:16:43 [post_content] =>

Nutrient Intake Optimisation

Adequate iodine intake is essential throughout life. Key dietary sources are iodized salt and animal products, but dietary patterns in Europe are changing, for example toward lower salt intake and a more plant-based diet.

The objective of this systematic review was to review iodine intake (not status) in European populations (adults, children, and pregnant women) to identify at-risk groups and dietary sources. In total, 57 studies were included, comprising 22 national surveys and 35 sub-national studies. Iodine intake data were available from national surveys of children aged <10 years (n = 11), 11-17 years (n = 12), and adults (n = 15), but data from pregnancy were only available from sub-national studies.

We show that iodine intake data are lacking-only 17 of 45 (38%) European countries had iodine-intake data from national surveys. Iodine intake reported from national surveys was below recommendations for: (1) children aged <10 years in 2 surveys (18%), (2) boys and girls aged 11-17 years in 6 (50%) and 8 (68%) surveys, respectively, and (3) adult men and women in 7 (47%) and 12 (80%) surveys, respectively. In pregnant women, intake was below recommendations except where women were taking iodine-containing supplements. Just 32% of national surveys (n = 7) included iodized salt when estimating iodine intake. Milk, dairy products, fish, and eggs were important contributors to intake in many countries, suggesting limited sources in plant-based diets.

Results are limited by the challenges of dietary assessment for measuring iodine intake. Future national surveys should include iodine intake. Policy makers should consider dietary sources alongside any iodized salt policies when considering methods for improving population iodine intake.

Keywords Expand

Adults, children, diet, Europe, fish, iodized, iodine, intake, milk, pregnancy

To download this open-access article, please click here.

This work was commissioned by the Nutrient Intake Optimisation Task Force.
[post_title] => A systematic review of iodine intake in children, adults, and pregnant women in Europe - comparison against dietary recommendations and evaluation of dietary iodine sources [post_excerpt] => [post_status] => publish [comment_status] => closed [ping_status] => closed [post_password] => [post_name] => a-systematic-review-of-iodine-intake-in-children-adults-and-pregnant-women-in-europe-comparison-against-dietary-recommendations-and-evaluation-of-dietary-iodine-sources [to_ping] => [pinged] => [post_modified] => 2022-07-04 06:32:19 [post_modified_gmt] => 2022-07-04 10:32:19 [post_content_filtered] => [post_parent] => 0 [guid] => https://ilsi.org/?post_type=publication&p=32686 [menu_order] => 0 [post_type] => publication [post_mime_type] => [comment_count] => 0 [filter] => raw ) [3] => WP_Post Object ( [ID] => 32510 [post_author] => 24 [post_date] => 2022-05-30 03:04:45 [post_date_gmt] => 2022-05-30 07:04:45 [post_content] =>

Obesity and Diabetes

Nutrition Security and Societal Aspects

Background: The gold-standard techniques for measuring insulin sensitivity and secretion are well established. However, they may be perceived as invasive and expensive for use in dietary intervention studies. Thus, surrogate markers have been proposed as alternative markers for insulin sensitivity and secretion. This systematic review aimed to identify markers of insulin sensitivity and secretion in response to dietary intervention and assess their suitability as surrogates for the gold-standard methodology. Methods: Three databases, PubMed, Scopus, and Cochrane were searched, intervention studies and randomised controlled trials reporting data on dietary intake, a gold standard of analysis of insulin sensitivity (either euglycaemic-hyperinsulinaemic clamp or intravenous glucose tolerance test and secretion (acute insulin response to glucose), as well as surrogate markers for insulin sensitivity (either fasting insulin, area under the curve oral glucose tolerance tests and HOMA-IR) and insulin secretion (disposition index), were selected. Results: We identified thirty-five studies that were eligible for inclusion. We found insufficient evidence to predict insulin sensitivity and secretion with surrogate markers when compared to gold standards in nutritional intervention studies. Conclusions: Future research is needed to investigate if surrogate measures of insulin sensitivity and secretion can be repeatable and reproducible in the same way as gold standards.

Keywords Expand

Insulin Sensitivity; Insulin Secretion; Gold Standard; Surrogate Markers; Dietary Intervention Studies

To download this open-access article, please click here.

This work was commissioned by the Obesity and Diabetes Task Force.

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activity. PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science were scanned for eligible studies published from
1978 to August 2021, resulting in a total of 52 relevant studies for review. The Downs and Black
checklist was used as a quality assessment tool for risk of bias assessment. The 52 studies were then
broadly categorised into three major approach types: informational, behavioural and/or social, as
well as direct. Within each major approach, studies were further sub-categorised into more specific
intervention types before being assessed for their efficacy and applicability. Overall, the intervention
types that seemed to be the most efficacious in increasing physical activity levels were those that
involved home-based information provision, community-wide campaigns, incentivised change,
individually adapted health behaviour programs, family-based social support interventions and the
provision of self-monitoring tools. However, the results must be interpreted holistically, as many of
the successful interventions included more than one approach type and success is likely contingent on
effectively addressing several concurrent facets.

To access the journal article, please click here.

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Prebiotics

GUT MICROBIOME AND HEALTH

Together with proteins and fats, carbohydrates are one of the macronutrients in the human diet. Digestible carbohydrates, such as starch, starch-based products, sucrose, lactose, glucose and some sugar alcohols and unusual (and fairly rare) α-linked glucans, directly provide us with energy while other carbohydrates including high molecular weight polysaccharides, mainly from plant cell walls, provide us with dietary fibre. Carbohydrates which are efficiently digested in the small intestine are not available in appreciable quantities to act as substrates for gut bacteria. Some oligo- and polysaccharides, many of which are also dietary fibres, are resistant to digestion in the small intestines and enter the colon where they provide substrates for the complex bacterial ecosystem that resides there. This review will focus on these non-digestible carbohydrates (NDC) and examine their impact on the gut microbiota and their physiological impact. Of particular focus will be the potential of non-digestible carbohydrates to act as prebiotics, but the review will also evaluate direct effects of NDC on human cells and systems

Keywords Expand

Prebiotics, short-chain fatty acids (SCFA), non-digestible carbohydrates

To download this open-access article, please click here.

This work was commissioned by the Prebiotics Task Force.

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