Journal Articles, Monographs & More

ILSI entities around the world publish articles on original research, literature reviews and gap analyses, as well as meeting proceedings in peer-reviewed journals. Not one of the thousands of studies ILSI has published in peer-reviewed journals over the last 40+ years has ever been retracted. ILSI also publishes books, monographs, white papers, other scientific reports, annual reports and newsletters.
ILSI's flawless scientific publication track record, its commitment to the highest scientific standards and its adherence to rigorous scientific principles demonstrate its scientific integrity.
ILSI's publications are listed below by publication date, from the newest article to the oldest. You can also filter the list by title or publication type.

 

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                    [post_date] => 2016-06-18 02:17:07
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                    [post_title] => A Standardised Approach Towards PROving the Efficacy of Foods and Food Constituents for Health CLAIMs (PROCLAIM): Providing Guidance
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                    [post_date] => 2022-11-15 09:24:37
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                    [post_content] => 

Early Nutrition and Long-Term Health

The intestinal microbiota plays a major role in infant health and development. However, the role of the breastmilk microbiota in infant gut colonisation remains unclear. A systematic review was performed to evaluate the composition of the breastmilk microbiota and evidence for transfer to/colonisation of the infant gut. Searches were performed using PUBMED, OVID, LILACS and PROQUEST from inception until 18th March 2020 with a PUBMED update to December 2021. 88 full texts were evaluated before final critique based on study power, sample contamination avoidance, storage, purification process, DNA extraction/analysis, and consideration of maternal health and other potential confounders. Risk of skin contamination was reduced mainly by breast cleaning and rejecting the first milk drops. Sample storage, DNA extraction and bioinformatics varied. Several studies stored samples under conditions that may selectively impact bacterial DNA preservation, others used preculture reducing reliability. Only 15 studies, with acceptable sample size, handling, extraction, and bacterial analysis, considered transfer of bacteria to the infant. Three reported bacterial transfer from infant to breastmilk. Despite consistent evidence for the breastmilk microbiota, and recent studies using improved methods to investigate factors affecting its composition, few studies adequately considered transfer to the infant gut providing very little evidence for effective impact on gut colonisation.

Keywords Expand

Microbiota, infant, breast milk, gut colonisation, systematic review

To download this open-access article, please click here.

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Nutrient Intake Optimisation

Adequate iodine intake is essential throughout life. Key dietary sources are iodized salt and animal products, but dietary patterns in Europe are changing, for example toward lower salt intake and a more plant-based diet.

The objective of this systematic review was to review iodine intake (not status) in European populations (adults, children, and pregnant women) to identify at-risk groups and dietary sources. In total, 57 studies were included, comprising 22 national surveys and 35 sub-national studies. Iodine intake data were available from national surveys of children aged <10 years (n = 11), 11-17 years (n = 12), and adults (n = 15), but data from pregnancy were only available from sub-national studies.

We show that iodine intake data are lacking-only 17 of 45 (38%) European countries had iodine-intake data from national surveys. Iodine intake reported from national surveys was below recommendations for: (1) children aged <10 years in 2 surveys (18%), (2) boys and girls aged 11-17 years in 6 (50%) and 8 (68%) surveys, respectively, and (3) adult men and women in 7 (47%) and 12 (80%) surveys, respectively. In pregnant women, intake was below recommendations except where women were taking iodine-containing supplements. Just 32% of national surveys (n = 7) included iodized salt when estimating iodine intake. Milk, dairy products, fish, and eggs were important contributors to intake in many countries, suggesting limited sources in plant-based diets.

Results are limited by the challenges of dietary assessment for measuring iodine intake. Future national surveys should include iodine intake. Policy makers should consider dietary sources alongside any iodized salt policies when considering methods for improving population iodine intake.

Keywords Expand

Adults, children, diet, Europe, fish, iodized, iodine, intake, milk, pregnancy

To download this open-access article, please click here.

This work was commissioned by the Nutrient Intake Optimisation Task Force.
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activity. PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science were scanned for eligible studies published from
1978 to August 2021, resulting in a total of 52 relevant studies for review. The Downs and Black
checklist was used as a quality assessment tool for risk of bias assessment. The 52 studies were then
broadly categorised into three major approach types: informational, behavioural and/or social, as
well as direct. Within each major approach, studies were further sub-categorised into more specific
intervention types before being assessed for their efficacy and applicability. Overall, the intervention
types that seemed to be the most efficacious in increasing physical activity levels were those that
involved home-based information provision, community-wide campaigns, incentivised change,
individually adapted health behaviour programs, family-based social support interventions and the
provision of self-monitoring tools. However, the results must be interpreted holistically, as many of
the successful interventions included more than one approach type and success is likely contingent on
effectively addressing several concurrent facets.

To access the journal article, please click here.

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