ILSI publishes articles on original research, literature reviews and gap analyses, and meeting proceedings in peer-reviewed journals. ILSI also publishes books; monographs; white papers; other scientific reports; annual reports; and newsletters.
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Análisis del sobrepeso, obesidad, actividad física y autoestima de la niñez en el área metropolitana de la región educativa panameña

Los altos niveles de sobrepeso y obesidad que producen diabetes, hipertensión u otras enfermedades crónicas son un problema de salud pública, que inicia desde la infancia hasta alcanzar la edad adulta y alteran, directamente, la calidad de vida de la persona.

El propósito de este estudio es determinar los niveles de sobrepeso y obesidad, los niveles de actividad física y de autoestima de escolares de 9 a 13 de edad, en 13 centros educativos de la ciudad de Panamá centro. Se evaluaron un total de 748 estudiantes.

Las variables se midieron por medio por medio del tallímetro y la pesa para calcular el índice de masa corporal, el cuestionario PAQ-C para medir la actividad física y el LAWSEQ para medir la autoestima de los niños y las niñas. En la población estudiada, se mostró un 17 % de estudiantes con sobrepeso, un 13 % con obesidad; un 70.05 % con actividad física moderada y un 25.67 % con bajos niveles de actividad física. En cuanto a la autoestima, se evidenció un 50.5 % con autoestima promedio y un 44 % con autoestima baja.

En conclusión, el análisis de los resultados indica una mayor prevalencia de obesidad en las niñas, y un mayor nivel de actividad física en los niños; en el caso de la autoestima, la edad juega un papel importante en la percepción personal, especialmente en el género femenino.

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Analysis of Overweight, Obesity, Physical Activity and Self-Estimation of Children in the Metropolitan Area of the Educational Region of Panama City, Panama

The high levels of overweight and obesity that produce diabetes, hypertension, and other chronic diseases are a public health threat that starts from childhood through the adult age, altering a person´s quality of life directly. The purpose of this study is to determine the levels of overweight and obesity, the levels of physical activity and self-esteem of children aging 9 to 13 years, in educational establishments from the center of Panama City, Panama.

Thirteen (13 educational centers participated pertaining to eight (8 territories from the capital of the country, where 748 students were evaluated. The instruments used to measure these variables were the measuring rod, the weight scale to measure the body mass index, the PAQ-C survey to measure the physical activity, and LAWSEQ to measure self-esteem in children. The studied population showed 17% of the students to be overweight, 13% obese, 70.05% with moderate physical activity, and 25.67% with low levels of physical activity. As far as self-esteem is concerned, 50.5% showed average self-esteem and 44% low self-esteem.

In conclusion, it is important to perform physical activities as prevention and attention actions to obesity, overweight, and improvement of self-esteem. e analysis of the results indicates a higher prevalence of obesity in girls, and greater levels of physical activity in boys, in the case of self-esteem, age plays an important role in personal perception, especially in the female sex.

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