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Diet Quality and Diet Diversity in Eight Latin American Countries: Results from the Latin American Study of Nutrition and Health (ELANS)

This study aimed to assess diet quality score (DQS), considering healthy and unhealthy foods and nutrients, and diet diversity score (DDS) as indicators of risk of noncommunicable diseases in eight Latin American countries, and to verify the possible differences considering country, sex, age, socioeconomic, and nutritional status. A multicenter household population-based cross-sectional survey was conducted with 9218 individuals (age range 15–65 years). Sociodemographic and anthropometric data were collected.

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Analysis of overweight and obesity, levels of physical activity and self-esteem in childhood of the II school year of the central canton of Heredia, Costa Rica

The objective was to analyze the prevalence of overweight and obesity, the level of physical activity and self-esteem of the II Cycle school population of the central canton of Heredia. It was a cross-sectional descriptive-comparative study in which 442 boys, fourth, fifth and sixth-grade students were analyzed, of which 234 were boys and 208 girls aged between 9 and 13 years. The measurement of weight and height was performed for the calculation of the body mass index, the physical activity questionnaire for older children (PAQ-C) and the LAWSEQ questionnaire for the measurement of self-esteem level was applied.

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Analysis of overweight and obesity, levels of physical activity and self-esteem in schoolchildren in San Pedro Sula, Honduras

The objective of this study was to analyze the prevalence of overweight, obesity, levels of physical activity and self-esteem of the school population of San Pedro Sula. The sample was 825 schoolchildren aged 9-13 years, which were divided into 416 women and 409 men. BMI measurements (Kg / H ^ 2), level of physical activity (PAQ-C) and self-esteem (LAWSEQ) were performed. A factor analysis (ANOVA) was performed to observe differences between groups and the Pearson correlation for the study of the relationship of variables with 95% confidence intervals.

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Analysis of overweight, obesity, levels of physical activity and self-esteem of children in León, Nicaragua

The objective of this research was to analyze the prevalence of overweight or obesity, levels of physical activity and self-esteem in a Nicaraguan school region. 731 students from 10 schools in the department of León Nicaragua were evaluated, of which 260 were fourth, 226 fifth and 245 sixth grade, aged between 9 and 13 years. To measure each variable in the study, height and weight were evaluated, for the calculation of BMI, the physical activity questionnaire for older children (PAQ-C) and the self-esteem questionnaire (LAWSEQ).

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Energy intake and food sources of eight Latin American countries: results from the Latin American Study Of Nutrition and Health (ELANS)

Few previous studies in Latin America (LA) have provided data on dietary intake composition with a standardized methodology. The present study aimed to characterize the energy intake and to describe the main food sources of energy in representative samples of the urban population of eight LA countries from ELANS project.

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